Greenland is located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Greenland is the world’s largest island, over three-quarters of which is covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside of Antarctica. With a population of about 56,480 (2013), it is the least densely populated country in the world. Greenland has been inhabited off and on for at least the last 4,500 years by Arctic peoples whose forebears migrated there from what is now Canada. Nearly all Greenlanders live along the fjords in the south-west of the main island, which has a relatively mild climate. (From Wikipedia).